The Russian Coldbloods

     At the end of the 19th century, the formal Czar Russia was already importing coldblooded breeds from the west. It was mostly the Belgian horse, in which were at that time recognized two types, lighter and more gaited Ardennian and the heavier and more massive Brabant.

2 year old colts, Russian draft horses bred on the foundation of the Ardennian blood at the Derkulskii stud-farm.

     Further more were imported coldbloods from England, especially the Shire and Clydesdale, and finally also from France the Percheron. The breeds were only partially used for pureblooded breeding; most of the stallions from the above-mentioned breeds were used for cross breeding with the domestic mares. In time, gradually came to existence individual cold-blooded breeds already in the formal Czar Russia, but mainly during the Soviet rule. From the imported breeds only one remained bred in the pure blooded form, the Percheron who was/is mainly bred in Voronezh, Rostov, Stavropol, Krasnodar and Uzbekistan.
    The Russian bred Percheron exhibits medium size and dry constitution with sufficient massiveness. Yet he is very durable in the work output, easy adjustable to the local climate and working conditions, relatively undemanding/easy keeper especially when compared with the originally imported individuals. From all the other imports already came to existence other individual coldblooded breeds.

Translated by Ludvik K Stanek a.k.a. Lee Stanek from the 1953 Special Zoo-Technique - Breeding of Horses
Published in 1953 by the Czechoslovakian Academy of Agricultural Science and certified by the Ministry of Agriculture.
Written by: MVDr Ludvik Ambroz, Frabtisek Bilek, MVDr Karel Blazek, Ing. Jaromir Dusek, Ing. Karel Hartman, Hanus Keil, pro. MVDr Emanuel Kral, Karel Kloubek, Ing. Dr. Frantisek Lerche, Ing. Dr Vaclav Michal, Ing. Dr Zdenek Munki, Ing. Vladimir Mueller, MVDr Julius Penicka, pro. MVDr Emil Pribyl, MVDr Lev Richter, prof. Ing. Dr Josef Rechta, MVDr Karel Sejkora and Ing. Dr Jindrich Steinitz.